Behaviour, Conditioning, Reward
Code: 49500

OPERON (Papaleo-Scheggia’s method) for Attentional Set-Shifting Task Featured

ID-ED Attentional Set-Shifting Task

The Ultimate Intra/Extra-Dimensional (ID-ED) Attentional Set-Shifting Task for Mice 

Attentional set shifting is a measure of cognitive flexibility and executive functions, which refers to the ability to switch between arbitrary internal rules; similar tasks for rodents are currently limited due to their manual-based testing procedures and they are hampering translational advances in psychiatric medicine.

This novel ID/ED Operon task is an effective preclinical tool for drug testing and large genetic relevant screenings to study the executive dysfunctions and cognitive symptoms of psychiatric disorders!

The instrument is composed of two compartments, divided by an automated sliding door, with an operant wall mounted on each side; this includes 3 automated tridimensional stimulators (visual, odor and texture), left and right, with 2 nose pokes and a pellet dispenser in the middle for the reward.

We have designed an innovative Revolver System which provides automated tactile stimulation and an Odor Delivery System which provides 10 different odors in 2 independent channels.

A dedicated version of ANY-maze software automatically manages all the Operon tools following a precompiled protocol and collects the data.

Additional Info



    2 compartments cage, divided by an automated sliding door

    Continuous trial repetition

    Operant walls including lights, odor delivery and revolving floor

    Automated tridimensional stimulation (visual, odor and texture)

    Proprietary Revolver System

    Automated floor tactile stimulation

    Odor Delivery System, 2-channels and 10 independent flowmeters

    Automated odor stimulation via 10 different odors independently on the two chambers

    Left and right nose pokes and pellet dispenser for each compartment

    Automated reward when the correct choice is made

    Dedicated ANY-maze version for Operon

    Fully automated managing of all the OPERON cues,

    sensors and data acquisition

    Attentional set shifting is a measure of cognitive flexibility and executive functions, refering to the ability to switch between arbitrary internal rules (“cognitive-attentional sets”). The most widely used neuropsychological tasks for the
    evaluation of this function in humans are the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and the CANTAB Intra-/Extra-Dimensional set-shifting task (ID/ED).

    These tasks have been used to identify specific cognitive abnormalities in a wide range of mental disorders including autism, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorders.

    The clinical relevance and solid methodologic approach of the WCST and the ID/ED tests have attracted interest in preclinical research. Importantly, these tasks allow for the selective measurement of discriminative learning, reversal learning, and switching of attention within the same dimension (intradimensional shift [IDS]) and between different perceptual dimensions (extradimensional shift [EDS]) within the same subject. This distinction is crucial because a double dissociation or functional specialization between the lateral (in monkeys and humans)/medial (in rodents) and orbital regions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been demonstrated. That is, whereas the orbitofrontal cortex is selectively involved in the reversal phases of these tasks, the lateral/medial PFC region governs the EDS stages.

    In genetically modified mice with reduced catechol-O-methyltransferase activity there wasselective improvement on extradimensional shift abilities and impairment of serial reversal learning.

    The instrument is composed of:

    • A 2-compartment cage, each provided with an operant wall for automated tridimensional stimulation, and an innovative Revolver System for automated tactile stimulation
    • An Odor Delivery System providing 10 different odors in 2 independent channels
    • A specific version of ANY-maze software managing the test and collecting the data

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